Tag: history

By iwano@_84

How do pandemics end? History suggests diseases fade but are almost never truly gone

<span class="caption">The COVID-19 new normal might be here for quite some time.</span> <span class="attribution"><a class="link rapid-noclick-resp" href="https://www.gettyimages.com/detail/photo/reflecting-on-her-day-royalty-free-image/1263884394" rel="nofollow noopener" target="_blank" data-ylk="slk:SolStock/E+ via Getty Images">SolStock/E+ via Getty Images</a></span>
The COVID-19 new normal might be here for quite some time. SolStock/E+ via Getty Images

When will the pandemic end? All these months in, with over 37 million COVID-19 cases and more than 1 million deaths globally, you may be wondering, with increasing exasperation, how long this will continue.

Since the beginning of the pandemic, epidemiologists and public health specialists have been using mathematical models to forecast the future in an effort to curb the coronvirus’s spread. But infectious disease modeling is tricky. Epidemiologists warn that “[m]odels are not crystal balls,” and even sophisticated versions, like those that combine forecasts or use machine learning, can’t necessarily reveal when the pandemic will end or how many people will die.

As a historian who studies disease and public health, I suggest that instead of looking forward for clues, you can look back to see what brought past outbreaks to a close –

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By iwano@_84

America’s history of racism was a preexisting condition for COVID-19

A Louisiana pastor prays as his parishioners die, first from cancer and now from COVID-19. An Indigenous community in New Mexico lacks adequate health care as the death toll mounts. A sick hospital worker in New Jersey frets about infecting others in her heavily populated neighborhood.

a group of people standing in front of a mirror posing for the camera: Parishioners stand in Our Lady of Grace Catholic Church in Reserve, LA, during a sermon by Rev. Fr. Christopher Chike Amadi.

© Jasper Colt, USA TODAY
Parishioners stand in Our Lady of Grace Catholic Church in Reserve, LA, during a sermon by Rev. Fr. Christopher Chike Amadi.

As the country cries out for a vaccine and a return to normal, lost in the policy debates is the reality that COVID-19 kills far more people of color than white Americans. This isn’t a matter of coincidence, poor choices or bad luck – it’s by design. 

A team of USA TODAY reporters explored how the policies of the past and present have made Black, Asian, Hispanic and Indigenous Americans prime targets for COVID-19. They found:


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By iwano@_84

The history of a controversial ‘condition’

For centuries, doctors readily diagnosed women with “hysteria,” an alleged mental health condition that explained away any behaviors or symptoms that made men…uncomfortable.

A fondness of writing, symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder or depression, and even infertility — for the best part of two centuries, all of these and more could easily fall under the umbrella of “female hysteria.”

Throughout the 18th and 19th centuries, female hysteria was one of the most commonly diagnosed “disorders.” But the mistaken notion that women are somehow predisposed to mental and behavioral conditions is much older than that.

In fact, the term hysteria originated in Ancient Greece. Hippocrates and Plato spoke of the womb, hystera, which they said tended to wander around the female body, causing an array of physical and mental conditions.

But what was female hysteria supposed to be, what were its symptoms, how did doctors “treat” it, and when did

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By iwano@_84

Natural History of Kids’ Benign Bone Tumors; Sarcoma Staging; Pathologic Fractures

Almost 20% of asymptomatic children and adolescents had benign bone tumors of the extremities, a review of a longitudinal radiographic collection showed.

Overall, 35 benign tumors were identified in 33 pediatric patients whose median age was 8. The most commonly identified tumor types were non-ossifying fibromas (NOF, 7.5%), enostoses (5.2%), osteochondromas (4.5%), and enchondromas (1.8%).

The findings came from a review of the Brush Inquiry, a collection of 25,555 radiographs and 262 healthy children. The x-rays were all left-sided views of each patient’s upper and lower extremities. The overall incidence of benign tumors in the asymptomatic population was 18.9%, and the median age at detection after a previous negative radiograph was 9 years. NOFs were the only tumor type that resolved over time, Christopher D. Collier, MD, of the University of Chicago, reported during the Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) virtual meeting.

“The goal of this study was to give us

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By iwano@_84

Bay Area suspect nicknamed ‘Medicine Man’ arrested in biggest retail theft bust in Calif. history

Photo of Dan Gentile

The San Mateo County Sheriff's office recovered approximately $8 million in stolen goods, as reported by CBS Bay Area.

The San Mateo County Sheriff’s office recovered approximately $8 million in stolen goods, as reported by CBS Bay Area.

San Mateo County Sheriff’s Office

On Tuesday, California Attorney General Xavier Becerra announced that five suspects behind one of the biggest theft rings in state history were arrested in a multi-agency operation called Operation Proof of Purchase.

KPIX reported that over $8 million in household goods, including $1 million in razors, were recovered on a raid on September 30. They were stolen primarily from CVS retail stores, investigators said.

ALSO READ: Oakland PD raided this church. And took all their drugs.

Lower level thieves or “boosters” brought the stolen merchandise to San Francisco’s Tenderloin where they were paid one or two dollars per item by crew leaders. The items then allegedly made their way to Danny Louis Drago, a.k.a. “The Medicine Man,”

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By iwano@_84

Celebrities And The History Of The Bikini With Photos Pics Including Taylor

A brand new wave, a brand new starting needs a match lady in all respects. Physique Composition: In bodily fitness, physique composition is used to describe the percentages of fats, bone and muscle in human our bodies. Lifeguards are sadly forgotten at holiday time. Brazilian feminine personal trainer and fitness mannequin Carol Saraiva is one of those girls that you just see everywhere in the fitness websites.

Reebok originally began life within the north west of England, producing working and coaching shoes before hitting the large time with their Freestyle aerobics sneakers in the 1980’s which turned the shoe of choice whether you labored out or not.

Also, whilst an increasing number of us are enterprise some form of train at residence, it is all the time a good suggestion to test in with a professionally qualified coaching teacher who can put together an train plan tailor made to suit … Read More

By iwano@_84

History of Medicine

The practice of medicine existed even in the earliest periods of recorded human history. The fifth century BC was the golden age of Greek medicine and it was during this period that Asclepid Hippocrates (born around 460 BC), introduced scientific system of administering medicine which was till then dominated by religious and mystic practices.

Hippocrates embodied the ideal virtues of a physician such as knowledge, readiness to help, purity of life, compassion, skill and patrotism. Hippocratic medicine was based on practice as well as theory, with little emphasis on anatomy. The history of Indian medicine dates back to 3000 BC and the excavations of Mohanjadaro and Harappa throw light on medical practices that flourished at that age which consisted mainly of religious, magical and empirical procedures.

“Ayurveda” (the science of life) is considered an off-shoot of the Rigverda. It laid emphasis not only on healing, but also on the prolongation … Read More

By iwano@_84

History of Alternative Medicine

History has it that alternative medicine goes back 5000 years to Chinese traditional medicine, Indian (Ayuryedic medicine) and similar healing traditions in many cultures. The common belief was that the energy of the body had to be in harmony with the mind, body and spirit. A doctor merely facilitated the healing by identifying and taking away obstacles that would inevitably lead to a cure. Therapy included lifestyle changes, self-care and preventative measures.

Today, what we know of as complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has roots going back 5,000 years to Chinese (traditional Chinese medicine), Indian (Ayurvedic medicine) and similar healing traditions. For thousands of years, these diverse medical traditions held a belief in the energy of the body and the need for harmony between mind, body and spirit. Doctor’s simply facilitated the healing process by identifying and removing obstacles.

Throughout most of the 19th century, doctors used the same skills … Read More

By iwano@_84

History Of Exercise Gear

Immediately seniors can’t afford not to get moving! Safety from UV radiation – Nature has selected for individuals with darker pores and skin in tropical latitudes, particularly in non forested areas, where UV radiation from the sun is often more intense. Mindi Smith came in 1st at the 2010 IFBB Phoenix Professional, 4th at the 2010 IFBB Arnold Basic, Ms. Worldwide, Fitness Worldwide and Figure International, and 7th on the 2010 IFBB Europa Super Show.

Health-related or common fitness includes these components of fitness that exhibit a relationship with health standing on account of common train, correct diet and diet, and correct relaxation for physical restoration within mandatory parameters.

Study about the NAMSET method (generally known as NAMSIT method) for fitness instructors to introduce resistance exercises to novice purchasers. Exercise machines may also help you construct muscle and strengthen the muscle groups they aim. A bodily fit physique has much … Read More

By iwano@_84

History Of Exercise Gear

The time period well being and wellness are steadily used interchangeably, however the meanings are slightly different from each other. While not typically thought-about as an essential component of physical fitness, flexibility is extremely essential for muscle power technology and may never be neglected by an athlete. The ony problem with this, in real life, we often don’t use our muscle tissues in an isolation method.

I did an article a while back on the top ten feminine fitness rivals for 2010, so I believed I might follow up with one concerning the high ten female figure opponents. These workouts will probably be completed in three groups of threes to let the person muscle tissues rest a bit between the exercises.

In 1985, Pumping Iron II: The Ladies, a brief documentary in regards to the competitive feminine bodybuilding scene during the early Nineteen Eighties was launched. And in 2009, she … Read More